Aug

2

Alcohol: A Poison to Your Body and Mind

By Topher

Before you start on that third beer, rethink what you consider safe alcohol consumption to be. You may be increasing the probability of getting arrested for DUI if you get behind the wheel.

In this infographic, you’ll learn about the effects on your body and mind when you drink more than a sensible amount.


Alcohol: A Poison to Your Body and Mind

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Alcohol: A Poison to Your Body and Mind

Before you start on that third beer, rethink what you consider safe alcohol consumption to be. In this infographic, you’ll learn about the effects on your body and mind when you drink more than a sensible amount.

A Drunken Mind

Detrimental Effects on the Brain

  • Accelerated brain shrinkage.
  • Muscle movement and coordination issues.
  • Blackouts, memory loss, and emotional outbursts.
  • Development of learning disabilities.
  • The growth of new brain cells is slowed.
  • Changes in temperature, heart rate, and breathing can lead to unconsciousness and possibly death.
  • Possible thiamine deficiency, which affects your cardiovascular and nervous systems.
  • Suppressed ability to become sexually aroused and perform sexual acts.
  • Improper sleeping patterns.
  • Numbness of body as a result of peripheral neuropathy.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

  • The Center for Disease Control estimates that .5 to 1.5 babies are born with FAS for every 1000 live births.
  • Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to:
    • Inhibited nerve cell growth.
    • Instead of proper nerve cell growth, the body could produce alternate cells.
    • Possible defects in the formation of axons—the carriers of brain signals between cells.
    • Interference with genes that tell the infant’s body to make protein and when to stop.

Brain Damage During Child Development

  • First Trimester
    • Detrimental damage to brain development and facial deformities.
  • Second Trimester
    • Reduction in the number of brain cells.
  • Third Trimester
    • Brain cells are killed outright and essential pre-birth brain development is nonexistent.

The Facts

  • 7% of all people with FAS do not have a corpus callosum—the connection between the right and left sides of the brain.
    • This brain defect is 20 times more common in people with FAS than the general population.
  • An estimated 4 out of 100 children of heavy drinkers will have full FAS, though birth defects may still be present.
    • Mothers who drink 7 to 14 alcoholic beverages a week will probably not see full fetal alcohol syndrome in their babies.
    • However, a fetus exposed to more than 7 drinks a week is 3 to 5 times more likely to experience birth defects.

A Toxic Body

It’s common knowledge that students will consume alcohol at some point in their college careers, but what percentage of students actually see injuries as a result of their drinking?

College Drinking Incidents

# of Drinks Imbibed % of Students Drinking % of Students Reporting an Alcohol Related Injury
1 13 2
2 21 7
3 18 12
4 15 16
5 12 16
6 8 15
7 4 9
8 3 7
9+ 5 14

Drinking and Driving

Age Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities
16 to 20 1,477
25 to 34 3,312
45 to 54 1,493
65 to 74 257
75+ 132

Short-term Alcohol Effects

  • Light Drinking
    • Relaxation
    • Sluggish Brain Activity
    • Short Attention Span
    • Slower Motor Skills
  • Moderate Drinking
    • Slurred Speech
    • Emotionally Unpredictable
    • Lower Body Temperature
    • Sleepiness
  • Heavy Drinking
    • Blackouts
    • Alcohol Poisoning
    • Possibility of Death
    • Impaired Breathing

Long-Term Effects of Alcohol on the Body

  • Heart and Circulatory System
    • Veins constrict resulting in heat loss while the drinker experiences warmth.
    • Increased blood pressure and heartbeat speed.
    • Eventually can cause cardiomyopathy, heart disease, coronary heart disease, and cardiac arrest.
    • Increased chance of bruising and bleeding.
    • Possible blood clots and anemia
    • Damaged immune system.
  • Liver
    • Fat metabolizes differently.
    • Eventually scars the liver.
    • Higher chance of developing hepatitis.
  • Digestive System
    • Ulcers
    • Acid Reflux
    • Irritation of the pancreas.
    • Erosion of stomach lining.
    • Bleeding of the intestinal tract.
    • Possible stomach cancer.
    • Risk of esophageal, mouth, and larynx cancer.
    • Low blood sugar and possibly diabetes.
    • Could possibly develop malnutrition over time.
  • Lungs
    • Can cause pneumonia, lung collapse, and infections.
    • Fluid in the lungs.
  • Bones
    • Joint Inflammation
    • Muscle Atrophy
    • Can cause osteoporosis from calcium loss.
  • Skin
    • Drains vitamins and minerals necessary for a healthy look.
  • Kidneys
    • Known to cause kidney failure, resulting in death.
  • Pancreas
    • Reduces pancreatic secretion that can eventually cause digestive enzyme leaks, which will cause the pancreas to eat itself.

How a Hangover Works

A hangover is your body’s way of saying you’ve poisoned it.

  • Symptoms:
    • Cottonmouth
    • Nausea
    • Fatigue
    • Headache
    • Weakened Immune System
  • Men have more water in their bodies, allowing alcohol to be more diluted and therefore allowing more alcohol to be consumed.
  • Sugary drinks can reduce a hangover’s effects.
  • The saying “liquor before beer, you’re in the clear”, is not a valid assumption. It’s the amount of alcohol consumed, not the order in which you drink it.
  • Having a drink the next morning will only delay your hangover until your BAC returns to 0.

Conclusion

Alcohol has many detrimental effects on the body, most of which you can prevent just by avoiding drinking altogether. If you do choose to imbibe alcohol, you should forego drinking and driving, not only for your safety but also for the safety of others. Alcohol’s damage can be extensive to your body, wallet, and mind if you aren’t responsible and careful.

Provided by Total DUI.

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